Formula 1 is the first category of motorsport, as it has had a global dimension over the years, such as the Olympic Games and the FIFA World Cup, in addition to being one of the most popular sporting events since 1950. The sport is governed by the FIA, managed by the Formula 1 Administration (FOA) and controlled by the Liberty Media consortium of satellite companies.
Formula 1 is the technological front for the automotive industry, experimenting with technical innovations, which sometimes arise from space technology, and in addition to competition, the term Formula 1 means all technical rules for single-seat cars that are updated every year by the FIA. Formula 1 regulations characteristics are generally the generic term for Formula 1.
Origin and history of Formula 1
Formula 1 dates back to the European auto racing in the 1920s and 1930s, and it began in 1946, with the standardization of the rules sought by the International Sports Committee (ITUC) of the International Automobile Federation (FIA), under the name International Racing Formula A, which will be abbreviated To Formula A, then Formula 1 from 1949 AD.
In 1950, the Formula 1 World Championship was established, and then the Manufacturers Cup in 1958 AD. The history of this specialty is closely related to the performance of cars and the development of the technical regulations governing competitions. Although winning the World Championship remains the main goal, many Formula 1 races have taken place without being part of the World Championship. The last competition to be contested at Brands Hatch was in 1983. National championships were also held in South Africa and the United Kingdom in the 1960s and 1970s.
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Formula 1 beginnings (1948-1957)
Formula 1 regulations were determined in 1946, and as of the 1948 season, a Grand Prix race was held but it was not a championship race. Two years later, the World Drivers’ Championship was officially held on Saturday May 13, 1950, in Silverstone on the occasion of the British Grand Prix (the sporting body of the International Automobile Federation), and the championship brings together the most famous European Grand Prix award as well as the 500-mile test from Indianapolis, a test that is mainly used To support the global character of the championship as much as it was not contested according to Formula 1, according to international regulations established in 1949, at the initiative of the International Sports Commission.
The World Championships was held just five years after the end of World War II, and it was considered a bold project, as European economies began to recover. Logically speaking, the first stages of the championship differed, first it began with the Alfa Romeo car, which dates back to 1937 AD, which was won by Italian veteran Giuseppe Farina in the opening round of the championship before becoming the first world champion in history, where he defeated fellow Argentine Juan Manuel Fangio.
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Formula 1 is re-established with a new regulatory change
In 1966, a new organizational change was introduced, with the goal being to re-establish Formula 1 as the first discipline in motorsport, a competitive position for the strong prototypes of the World Sports Car Championship. The first two seasons of the new Formula 1 marked the birth of most competitors struggling to find the perfect engine, from which Brabham, a tycoon of rural tech, took advantage of it.
Lotus’s move away from purchasing the H16 from BRM was a reaction to a request from Cosworth, via financing from Ford, of a historic Cosworth DFV V8 that had dominated for nearly fifteen years. It was after a promising start in 1967 AD, when Lotus 49 dominated the 1968 season, at the hands of British veteran Graham Hill, who replaced his colleague Jim Clark, who was the victim of a fatal accident at the beginning of the season in Formula 2. In 1968, the increased power of the engines began (Read More From four hundred hp) caused problems with adhesion to individual seats, then the first ailerons appeared at the Belgian Grand Prix and were initially mounted directly on the suspension arms, designed according to the principle of inverted aircraft wings and intended to flatten the car to the ground.
Formula 1 features in the second half of the 1970s
This period was marked by many radical technological innovations, the most exciting, but less effective, which is at the initiative of Tyrrell, who revealed in 1976 AD, his famous model P34, with a single seat with six wheels, where each half was equipped with a front axle with two wheels aimed at increasing control, Despite the high-profile offers and Judy Checker winning the 1976 Swedish Grand Prix, the solution was not accepted due to the high cost of the wheels.
In 1977, Lotus unveiled its ground-effect single-seat model also known as a wing car because it was equipped with an inverted aircraft wing shape linked to side ailerons, and was nearly waterproof, providing tremendous handling. After a season of development, Lotus deserved the 1978 championship, which was won by American Mario Andretti.
At the end of the season, all teams followed suit with Lotus, but Brabham reacted by developing a single-seat, fitted with a turbine that absorbs air under the car to produce a greater ground impact. But after one race that Niki Lauda won easily in Sweden, the device was banned by the sporting authorities. Finally, the most important innovations in this period were French, as Renault made its debut at the World Championships in 1977, with a turbocharged engine. After a difficult start, Renault made its turbine engine for the first time in 1979, in the French Grand Prix.