When you do swimming you are exposed to many types of germs, viruses, and chemicals. Oceans, rivers, lakes, and even streams can contain things that come from animals, sewage or floods. Chlorine kills most germs in swimming pools, hot tubs, and play fountains, but it does not kill these germs right away.
1. Digestive problems after swimming:
If you picked up something while swimming, it is likely that you were exposed to a parasite such as “cryptosporidium” (cryptosporidium) or “giardia”, which are often the main culprits in causing these problems, and it is also possible that your infection was caused by the norovirus or the E germ. coli or shigella germ. So try to protect yourself not to swallow water while swimming, and to protect others, stay out of the water if you have diarrhea.
2. Swimmer’s ear:
“Swimmer’s ear” is the medical term used to describe this condition, “otitis externa”, and it is common to get it when spending a long time in any type of water. Where the skin becomes easily torn in a moist environment; What makes it easier for germs to enter and penetrate. Over-the-counter drops can prevent infection, and if you develop this type of infection, you will need to see a doctor in order to take the appropriate antibiotics.
3. Legionnaires ‘disease or Legionnaires’ fever (Legionella disease):
You can become infected with this type of disease (Legionnaires’ disease) when you breathe in air that contains the pathogen, Legionella. This germ can be found in hot tubs that are not well cleaned, and thus the germ can be transmitted through steam inhalation in this case. Legionella disease is the most common waterborne disease in the United States.
4. Hot water rash baths:
Staying too long in warm water can cause rough, itchy red spots. The causative agent is often the bacterium bacillus glaucoma, or scientifically called Pseudomonas aeruginosa. It is more difficult to keep hot spas clean than swimming pools; Because high temperatures ruin the disinfectant chlorine, which makes these resorts fertile environment for these types of germs. Always try to take a bath with soap and water after staying in these places, in addition to washing your swimming jacket as well.
5. Poisonous algae:
Sometimes these small plants in the oceans and fresh waters may grow out of control, producing dangerous toxins. This environmental problem is called Harmful Algal Breeding (HAB), and it is prevalent in all US states on the coast line. One type of algae is called cyanobacteria; It causes diarrhea, rashes, and lung problems.
6. Swimmer’s itch:
This rash is a type of schistosomiasis and can be infected when swimming in fresh or salt water. It is a small parasitic reaction that penetrates the skin. It begins with infected snails, and the risk increases when swimming in shallow places near the beach. The best way to avoid getting it is by staying away from the swamps where snails live, so you should always shower after swimming.
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The bacteria that cause leptospirosis are found in the waters of lakes and rivers, and they reach these waters through the urine of infected animals. Infection occurs when the virus enters the eyes, nose, or mouth, or through a wound in the skin. Symptoms include diarrhea, red eyes, headache, fever, and jaundice (yellowing of the skin or eyes due to liver problems). It is more common to occur in warm weather and after hurricanes and floods.
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