They are cars that use an electric motor to drive them, as the engine is powered by batteries and these batteries are charged at charging stations, and these cars do not produce any harmful emissions for the environment, as electric cars preceded cars that run on diesel and gasoline for many years, and between 1832 and 1839 was invented Scottish inventor Robert Anderson the first electric vehicle, which made this type of car successful until 1913, when an American car company invented the electric starter in engines that operate by means of internal combustion, which led to the demise of electric cars, and later the electric cars were developed, As ownership of these cars increased from 1607 cars in 1992 to 55852 cars in 2004.
How electric cars work
Electric cars are similar to traditional cars in terms of external appearance and the presence of similar bodies and interiors, but this type of electric car differs from traditional cars in terms of the basic parts, which are the energy storage unit, control unit and drive unit, and energy is usually stored in an advanced battery, The most common of them is the large-sized chemical battery, and the control unit is the basis of these cars, as it regulates the process and propulsion of the car in addition to converting alternating current into direct current energy, as the drive unit converts this energy into physical motion to act as an electric motor.
These cars differ from each other and the difference is in terms of the three main components, for example the electric motor can be in the car from the back instead of in the front, and there can be many electric motors, and energy may be stored in huge lithium-ion batteries Or lead acid batteries.
Features of electric cars
In light of the rapid development of the auto industry and the production of environmentally friendly cars that work on electricity instead of petroleum products, cars that run on electricity have been produced, as electric cars have many features and this is what distinguishes them from other traditional cars, and in what follows these features:
Charging the electric car: The electric car can be charged at home without the need to go to the gas station or the charging stations of these cars.
The distance traveled by one charge: where the new electric car can travel 200 km per charge, and some hybrid cars can travel from 40-80 km on electricity, and the distance traveled by the electric car depends on the size of the battery, the weight of the car and the temperature in addition to the driving style The driver of the car.
The cost of charging an electric vehicle: The cost of charging an electric vehicle at charging stations is less than the cost of what gasoline cars spend, as the annual average charging of an electric vehicle is $ 530, while the average fuel filling is approximately $ 2,500 per year.